Guidelines for Population Level Management Plans for Large Carnivores | European Commission

In 2012 the conservation status of European large carnivores was assessed by a group of experts from each country where large carnivores are present.

Although the available data and the methodology used varied greatly from country to country, the information presented below represents the best available independent assessment of large carnivore status for the period 2010-2012.

Brown bear – Ursus arctos

Population name Countries Size (c. 2012) Trend
Scandinavian Norway, Sweden 3400 Increasing
Karelian Norway, Finland 1700 Increasing
Baltic Estonia, Latvia 710 Increasing
Carpathian Romania, Poland, Slovakia, Serbia 7200 Stable
Dinaric-Pindos Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, ”the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Albania, Serbia, Greece 3070 Increase
Alpine Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia 45-50 Stable
Eastern Balkan Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia 600 Stable or decrease
Central Apennine Italy 40-80 Stable
Cantabrian Spain 195-210 Increase
Pyrenean France, Spain 22-27 Increase

Wolf – Canis lupus

Population name Countries Size (c. 2012) Trend
Scandinavian Norway, Sweden 260-330 Increase
Karelian Finland 150-165 Decrease
Baltic Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland 870-1400 Stable to increase
Central European lowlands Germany, Poland 36 packs Increase
Carpathian Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Serbia 3000 Stable
Dinaric-Balkan Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, ”the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Albania, Serbia (incl. Kosovo*), Greece, Bulgaria 3900 Stable
Alps Italy, France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia 280 Increase
Italian peninsula Italy 600-800 Stable
NW Iberian Spain, Portugal No recent update, but 2007 estimate was 2500 Decrease
Sierra Morena Spain 1 pack Decrease

Eurasian lynx – Lynx lynx

Population name Countries Size (c. 2012) Trend
Scandinavian Norway, Sweden 1800 – 2300 Stable
Karelian Finland 2400-2600 Increase
Baltic Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine 1600 Stable
Bohemian-Bavarian Czech Republic, Germany, Austria 50 Stable or decrease
Carpathian Romania, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria 2300-2400 Stable
Alpine Switzerland, Slovenia, Italy, Austria, France 130 Stable
Jura France, Switzerland 100 Increase
Vosges Palatinian France, Germany 19 Stable or slight decrease
Dinaric Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina 120-130 Stable or decrease
Balkan ”the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Albania, Serbia (incl. Kosovo*) 40-50 Decreasing

Wolverine – Gulo gulo

Population name Countries Size (c. 2012) Trend
Scandinavian Norway, Sweden 1065 Increase
Karelian Finland 165-175 Increase

Lähde: Guidelines for Population Level Management Plans for Large Carnivores – Environment – European Commission

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