The Russia – Pigs (EU) dispute – WTO Dispute Settlement | International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development

The trade row was triggered by Russia’s rejection of certain pig and pork imports from the European Union (EU) following the detection of African swine fever (ASF) in four of its member States – Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, and Poland.



ASF is a highly contagious, lethal haemorrhagic disease affecting pigs.

The Appellate Body found that Russia had indeed imposed an EU bloc-wide ban on live pigs, pork, and other pig products. The Appellate Body also clarified the “regionalization” obligations of an importing Member and that of an exporting Member under the WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement).

The Appellate Body found that Russia failed to adapt its measures to regional conditions as required by the SPS Agreement. The Appellate Body’s findings uphold the bulk of an earlier panel’s conclusions circulated last August.

Following a presentation on the key findings of the Appellate Body, the experts will engage in an exchange of views on the legal and policy implications of the findings, covering international trade relations and regulatory cooperation perspectives.

Agenda (Geneva Time)

12:15 Lunch Reception

12:45 Panel Discussion (Livestream starts)

Robert MCDOUGALL, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Presentation of the Appellate Body’s findings in Russia – Pigs (EU):

Maria ALCOVER, Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL)


Anait SMBATYAN, WTO Expertise Center (Moscow)
Craig VANGRASSTEK, Harvard University
Lorenza JACHIA, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

13:45 Open Discussion (Questions from onsite and online audience)

Practical info

Venue: Room S3, World Trade Organization (WTO), Rue de Lausanne 154, 1202 Geneva.

Registration: Registration for onsite participation is now closed. Those who cannot attend the event in the WTO are invited to join the live online interactive debate.  


Where to watch? The event will be streamed live online on this event page.

How to participate? There are two ways to participate in the discussion: 

– Write down questions in the comment section below of this event page.

– Through Twitter #TalkingDisputes, @ICTSDTradeLaw, @WTIAdvisors

Selected questions will be read and addressed by the speakers during Q&A session.

We look forward to your participation in the event.

[The views and opinions expressed in the event are those of the experts and do not necessarily reflect those of ICTSD and WTIA.]

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Geneva, Switzerland

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