On ranges, carry your rifle barrel up – if a round is fired towards the ground, there is a danger of ricochet. Always check after firing that your chamber is clear, and remove the bolt once you have finished firing your rounds.
A rifle bullet can maintain a lethal velocity and energy for several miles, so always be mindful of where there are public footpaths, houses, livestock etc. Never take a shot without a proper backstop.
Never point your rifle at anything other than a target (be it paper or quarry); never have your finger inside the trigger-guard until you are ready to take the shot and are sure it is safe.
The safety can vary from rifle to rifle – and this should never be entirely relied upon. Safe gun handling is the only true way to prevent accidental discharge.
Lähde: Rifle safety – Shooting UK